Singapore Math Syllabus

The Singapore Math syllabus reflects the recent developments and trends in mathematics education. The syllabus is being constantly revised every few years to ensure that it stays up to date and relevant. Continual emphasis is placed on conceptual understanding, skill proficiencies and thinking skills in the teaching and learning of mathematics. These components are integral to the development of mathematical problem solving ability.

Care has been taken to ensure that there is continuity from the primary to the secondary levels. Using a spiral design of the curriculum, each topic is revisited and introduced in increasing depth from one level to the next. This enables students to consolidate the concepts and skills learned and then further develop them. The concrete-pictorial-abstract development of concepts is advocated and this is evident in the teaching and learning approaches in the syllabus.

The Singapore Math Syllabus aims to enable students to acquire the necessary mathematical concepts and skills for everyday life, and for continuous learning in mathematics and related disciplines. It seeks to develop the necessary process skills for the acquisition and application of mathematical concepts and skills.

Pupils are taught to develop the mathematical thinking and problem solving skills and apply these skills to formulate and solve problems. The ability to recognise and use connections among mathematical ideas, and between mathematics and other disciplines make our pupils outshine most of their peers from all over the world.

The syllabus attempts to help pupils develop positive attitudes towards mathematics from a very young age. Pupils are encouraged to make effective use of a variety of mathematical tools (including information and communication technology tools) in the learning and application of mathematics. This, in turn, allows them to produce many imaginative and creative work arising from mathematical ideas. Last, but not least, the Singapore Math Syllabus strives to develop the pupils' abilities to reason logically, communicate mathematically, and learn cooperatively and independently.

I have consolidated the entire 6 years of the Singapore Math Syllabus into a one-page chart so that you can see at a glance how pupils in Singapore progress from topic to topic and level to level in their primary mathematics education.

Singapore Math Syllabus Matrix

Topic Sub-Topic P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6
Whole Numbers Numbers up to 100/1000/10000/100000/10000000 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Whole Numbers Addition & Subtraction Yes Yes Yes - Yes -
Whole Numbers Mental Calculation Yes Yes Yes - - -
Whole Numbers Multiplication & Division Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes -
Whole Numbers Factors and multiples No No No Yes - -
Whole Numbers Order of operations No No No No Yes -
Measurement Length & Mass Yes Yes Yes - Yes -
Measurement Time Yes Yes Yes Yes - -
Measurement Money Yes Yes Yes Yes - -
Measurement Volume No Yes Yes - Yes -
Measurement Area and perimeter No No Yes Yes - -
Measurement Area of triangle No No No No Yes -
Measurement Volume of cube and cuboid No No No No Yes Yes
Measurement Area and circumference of circle No No No No No Yes
Measurement Area and perimeter of composite figure No No No No No Yes
Geometry Basic Shapes Yes - - - - -
Geometry Patterns Yes Yes - - - -
Geometry 2-D and 3-D figures No Yes - - - -
Geometry Line, curve and surface No Yes - - - -
Geometry Perpendicular and parallel lines No No Yes Yes - -
Geometry Angles No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Geometry Rectangle and square No No No Yes - Yes
Geometry Symmetry No No No Yes - -
Geometry Tessellation No No No Yes - -
Geometry Triangle No No No No Yes Yes
Geometry Parallelogram, rhombus and trapezium No No No No Yes Yes
Geometry Geometrical figures No No No No No Yes
Geometry Nets No No No No No Yes
Data Analysis Picture Graphs Yes Yes - - - -
Data Analysis Bar graphs No No Yes - - -
Data Analysis Tables No No No Yes - -
Data Analysis Line graphs No No No Yes - -
Data Analysis Average of a set of data No No No No Yes -
Data Analysis Pie charts No No No No No Yes
Fractions Fraction of a whole No Yes - - - -
Fractions Addition & Subtraction No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fractions Equivalent fractions No No Yes - - -
Fractions Mixed numbers and improper fractions No No No Yes - -
Fractions Fraction of a set of objects No No No Yes - -
Fractions Multiplication No No No Yes Yes Yes
Fractions Concept of fraction as division No No No No Yes -
Fractions Division No No No No Yes Yes
Decimals Decimals up to 3 decimal places No No No Yes - -
Decimals Addition and Subtraction No No No Yes Yes -
Decimals Multiplication and Division No No No Yes Yes -
Percentage Percentage No No No No Yes Yes
Ratio Ratio No No No No Yes Yes
Speed Distance, time and speed No No No No No Yes
Algebra Algebraic expressions in one variable No No No No No Yes



No Not taught at this level Yes Taught at this level - Not revised at this level



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